Chemotherapy is used at the above phases to control tumor growth.
To enhance the effectiveness of treatment, chemotherapy molecules are combined in what is called a chemotherapy protocol. The various treatments are often named by the initials of the products includes in the mix.
These drugs can be available in different forms: most often intravenous but also oral, intramuscular or subcutaneous.
Chemotherapy is a series of cycles, consisting of one or more molecules administered at regular intervals.
The intervals between treatments are determined by the expected side effects and the mechanism of action of the molecules (to give the body time to recover).
In some cases, chemotherapy is given orally in a series of regular doses.The number of cycles is often predetermined but will also depend on how the patient responds to treatment. Your oncologist will typically perform a full medical assessment, including blood and imaging tests, every two or three cycles to evaluate the treatment’s effectiveness.