Having a sedentary lifestyle is a recognized risk factor for cancer, contributing to as many as 3,000 cases per year in France. By comparison, regular physical activity has shown to reduce the risk of developing cancer. This is particularly true with breast, colon, endometrial cancers, as well as reducing the likelihood of recurrence with previously treated cancer.
Physical activity also lowers the risk of developing other health issues and diseases. Thus, having a regular regimen of physical activity is highly recommended.
Additionally, regular physical activity has consistently shown to reduce symptoms of fatigue, improve quality of life, deliver psychological and emotional benefit, and enhance the patient’s adherence to the treatment plan.
The recommended level of physical activity is at least 30 minutes of dynamic activity per day. It can engagement in active sport activity, but everyday actions such as taking the stairs, going for a brisk walk, housework or any other activity of moderate intensity are excellent options. The objective is dynamic activity on a regular schedule.
If already participating in a sport, it is often possible to continue that activity during your treatment program. The obvious exceptions would be for certain "risky" sports such as skiing, horse riding, diving or skydiving. In any case, your exercise regimen should be discussed with your cancer care team.
APA is activity adapted to the needs of a patient who cannot practice an activity under ordinary conditions. This is established by the decree of December 30, 2016: "practice in a context of daily activity, leisure, sports or programmed exercises, bodily movements produced by skeletal muscles, based on the skills and motivations of people with specific needs that prevent them from practicing in ordinary conditions. The purpose of providing adapted physical activity is to enable a person to adopt a physically active lifestyle on a regular basisin order to reduce the risk factors and functional limitations associated with the long-term condition of which they are concerned. is reached. The techniques usedrelate to physical and sporting activities and are distinguished from rehabilitation acts which are reserved for health professionals, while respecting their skills. "tences. "
In this context, it is the activity that adapts to the patient according to a personalized program and not the other way around.
As with the practice of any sporting activity, a medical certificate of no contraindication is necessary for the practice of APA. Since 2016, adapted physical activity has been available on medical prescription including the goals of care. It must be practiced with qualified professionals, the list of which is accessible by region on the websites of the ARS (Regional Health Agency). However, this prescription does not necessarily imply 100% reimbursement of the costs incurred (current level of funding: 180€ per year per patient).